Mercato dei Fiori in Pescia (1948-1951): Design Inventiveness and Constructional Experimentation in Italy after the Second World War

Authors

  • Micaela Antonucci University of Bologna https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2748-6253
  • Alice Fantoni University of Bologna

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.6092/issn.2611-0075/13771

Keywords:

Leonardo Ricci, Mercato dei Fiori in Pescia, Reinforced Brick, Architecture and Constructive Experimentation in Italy, SAP- Self Supporting Vaults

Abstract

After the Second World War, Italy shifted within a few years from post-war reconstruction to the economic “boom”, attracting international attention with a series of highly original works and extraordinary examples of structural and constructional experimentation despite a strong technological delay compared to other industrialised countries.
In the immediate aftermath of the war, projects in which formal invention was closely linked to innovation in materials and structures developed all over Italy, creating a “built catalogue” of experimental techniques. Brick was among the materials that were widely available and deeply rooted in the traditional building. Indeed, the development of the so-called “reinforced brick” in the interwar period had paved the way to the construction of thin, light structures that could be built saving time and costs.
One of the first and most significant Italian experiments with this material was the Mercato dei Fiori (Flowers Market) in Pescia, Tuscany. It was the work of a team composed of architects Giuseppe Giorgio Gori, Leonardo Ricci, Leonardo Savioli, and Enzo Gori, along with the engineer Emilio Brizzi. The presence of four architects and one engineer in the group meant that the two aspects of the project – design and construction – were both thoroughly studied and intimately connected. This was the key to the successful combination of structural boldness and formal originality that made this building a case study in post-war Italian architecture and also earned it international fame. This structure still remains an important testimony to a formidable period of constructional experimentation in post-war Italy; the analyses of its material and structural aspects, which have not been considered so far by scholarly studies on either the building or its authors, represent fundamental investigative tools for fully understanding its value and innovation.
The paper proposes an analysis of the Market’s space and compositional principles relying upon a deep understanding of its structural conception, since the simplicity and lightness of the final result were only possible thanks to the innovative adoption of technological solutions that were widely known but still used infrequently or in different settings.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Architettura Latino Americana”, Costruire in Laterizio, 95 (2003).

Antonucci, Micaela and Gabriele Neri. Pier Luigi Nervi in Africa. Evoluzione e dissoluzione dello Studio Nervi (1964-1980). Macerata: Quodlibet, 2021.

Antonucci, Micaela, Annalisa Trentin and Tomaso Trombetti, eds. Pier Luigi Nervi. Architetture per lo sport / Pier Luigi Nervi’s Sports Facilities, exhibition catalogue (MAXXI – Museo delle Arti del XXI secolo di Roma, February 5-October 23, 2016). Rome: MAXXI, 2016.

Baldini, Paolo and Gustavo Roccella. C’era una volta: novant’anni di storia RDB. Piacenza: Nuova Litoeffe, 1998.

Baratta, Adolfo and Antonio Magarò. “Volte funicolari sottili in laterizio: storia e sperimentazioni contemporanee.” Costruire in Laterizio, 173 (2017): 72-79.

Belluzzi, Amedeo and Claudia Conforti. Architettura italiana 1944-1985. Rome-Bari, Laterza, 1985.

Brizzi, Emilio. Statica Grafica e Analitica, elasticità e resistenza materiali, le quattro sollecitazioni semplici. Florence: Tip. A. Lumini, 1959.

Cardamone, Caterina. “Il Mercato dei fiori a Pescia.” La Nuova Città. Rivista fondata da Giovanni Michelucci, 5-6 (1999): 85-91.

Cozzi, Mauro and Ulisse Tramonti, eds. Gli architetti del Mercato dei fiori di Pescia negli anni della ricostruzione postbellica. Florence: ETS, 2020

De Vita, Maurizio. “Considerazioni sul ‘Restauro Del Moderno’. Il caso dell’ex Mercato dei Fiori di Pescia.” In Architetture in Cemento Armato. Orientamenti per la conservazione, edited by Riccardo Ientile, 171-177. Milan: Franco Angeli Editore, 2008.

Desideri, Paolo, Alessandro De Magistris, Carlo Olmo, Marco Pogacnik, Stefano Sorace, eds. La concezione strutturale. Ingegneria e architettura in Italia negli anni Cinquanta e Sessanta. Turin: Umberto Allemandi & C., 2013.

Fantoni, Alice. “Architettura e sperimentazione costruttiva in Italia nel secondo dopoguerra: il Mercato dei Fiori di Pescia.” Single-cycle master’s thesis in Building Engineering-Architecture, University of Bologna, academic year 2018-2019, lecturer Professor M. Antonucci.

Gargiani, Roberto and Alberto Bologna. The Rethoric of Pier Luigi Nervi. Concrete and Ferrocement Forms. Lausanne: EPFL Press, 2016.

Ghia, Maria Clara. La nostra città è tutta la terra. Leonardo Ricci architetto (1918-1994). Steinhauser Verlag: Wuppertal, 2021.

Lensi, Francesco and Fabio Turcheschi, “Gli ingegneri di Giuseppe Giorgio Gori.” In Gli architetti del Mercato dei fiori di Pescia negli anni della ricostruzione postbellica, edited by Mauro Cozzi and Ulisse Tramonti. Florence: ETS, 2020, 114-124.

Leslie Thomas. Beauty’s Rigor. Patterns of Production in the Work of Pier Luigi Nervi. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2017.

López López, David, Théo Van Mele and Philippe Block. “Dieste, González Zuleta and Sánchez del Río: Three approaches to reinforced-brick shell structures.“ In Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions – Anamnesis, Diagnosis, Therapy, Controls, edited by Koel Van Balen and Els Verstrynge, 571-578. London: Taylor & Francis Group, 2016.

Massi, Claudia, ed. Mercati dei Fiori di Pescia, exhibition catalogue (Pescia, 1-31 June 2017). Pisa: ETS, 2017.

Massi, Claudia. “Giuseppe Giorgio Gori architetto a Pescia: opere pubbliche, private, collaborazioni.” In Gli architetti del Mercato dei fiori di Pescia negli anni della ricostruzione postbellica, edited by Mauro Cozzi and Ulisse Tramonti, 52-72. Florence: ETS, 2020.

Neri, Gabriele. Capolavori in miniatura. Pier Luigi Nervi e la modellazione strutturale. Mendrisio/Cinisello Balsamo: Mendrisio Academy Press/Silvana Editoriale, 2014.

Poretti, Sergio. Modernismi italiani. Architettura e costruzione nel Novecento. Rome: Gangemi, 2008.

Poretti, Sergio, Pier Giovanni Bardelli, Antonio Cottone, Franco Nuti, Antonello Sanna, eds. La costruzione dell’architettura. Temi e opere del dopoguerra italiano. Gangemi, Rome 2009.

Predari, Giorgia. I solai latero-cementizi nella costruzione moderna in Italia, 1930-1950. Bologna: Bononia University Press, 2015.

Rogers, Ernesto Nathan. “Il mercato dei fiori di Pescia degli architetti E. Brizzi, E. e G. Gori, L. Ricci, L. Savioli.” Casabella-continuità, no. 209 (January-February 1956): 28-33.

Vasić Vatovec, Corinna. “Leonardo Ricci nella stagione dell’esordio: dai concorsi fiorentini per la Ricostruzione al Mercato dei Fiori di Pescia.” In Gli architetti del Mercato dei fiori di Pescia negli anni della ricostruzione postbellica, edited by Mauro Cozzi and Ulisse Tramonti, 126-151.Florence: ETS, 2020.

Vasić Vatovec, Corinna. Leonardo Ricci: architetto «esistenzialista». Florence: Edifir, 2005.

Downloads

Published

2023-02-01

How to Cite

Antonucci, M., & Fantoni, A. . (2023). Mercato dei Fiori in Pescia (1948-1951): Design Inventiveness and Constructional Experimentation in Italy after the Second World War . Histories of Postwar Architecture, 4(9), 19–35. https://doi.org/10.6092/issn.2611-0075/13771