Histories of Postwar Architecture https://hpa.unibo.it/ <p><strong>Histories of Postwar Architecture (HPA) – ISSN 2611-0075</strong> is a biannual open-access peer-reviewed Journal that aims to publish innovative and original papers on postwar architecture, with no geographical, methodological, historiographical or disciplinary restrictions.</p><p>HPA is a<strong> scientific journal</strong> recognized by ANVUR (Italian National Agency for Evaluation of Universities and Research Institutes) for disciplinary areas 08 and 10.</p><p> </p> en-US Histories of Postwar Architecture 2611-0075 <p>The copyrights of all the texts on this journal belong to the respective authors without restrictions. Authors grant to the journal a non-exclusive right to publish their work.</p><div><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license"><img src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a></div><p>This journal is licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a> (<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode">full legal code</a>). <br /> See also our <a href="/about/editorialPolicies#openAccessPolicy">Open Access Policy</a>.</p> Constructing the City of Solidarity: Alfred Roth’s Elementary School in Skopje https://hpa.unibo.it/article/view/10412 <p>In 1963 Skopje suffered earthquake of catastrophic proportions that left the city reduced to rubble. What followed afterwards was a case of immense international solidarity. For more than a decade, abundance of aid has been coming from the both sides of the Iron Curtain. In a short but high in intensity period of approximately 15 years, the city underwent a process of reconstruction that changed entirely its appearance and the quality of living.</p><p>In this context, with a strong belief in the importance of a high-quality modern education, the Swiss government donated the design, financed the construction and equipped an exemplary school building, designed by Alfred Roth and named after the renown Swiss pedagogue Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi.</p> Ana Ivanovska Deskova Vladimir Deskov Jovan Ivanovski Copyright (c) 2020 Ana Ivanovska Deskova, Vladimir Deskov, Jovan Ivanovski https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-10-29 2020-10-29 6 121 137 10.6092/issn.2611-0075/10412 Contribution of slovenian architect Franc Avbelj and “Planinka” Company To The Development Of Tourism In Serbia: A Case Study of the Urban-Architectural Solution of Kuršumlija Spa https://hpa.unibo.it/article/view/10158 <p>The formation of ideology and construction of physical symbols of the Socialist Yugoslavia were closely related. During period of Socialist Aestheticism, it was almost impossible to separate where contributions of creative individuals and architects begin and where the state propaganda ends. Throughout the second half of the twentieth century, tourism was gaining mass character worldwide. In Yugoslavia however, the ruling ideology has significantly contributed to transformation of tourism into a mass phenomenon. Through unions and similar communities for leisure and recreation, tourism has become part of the ruling narrative of equal rights for all. It was originally used as a mean for state propaganda in the form of social tourism. During that period, numerous resorts and spas were built throughout the state. They were mostly built on shores of the Adriatic Sea, but the construction of accommodation facilities on mountains, especially in Serbia and Slovenia, was not far behind. The focus of the paper is on the analysis of cooperation between the "Planinka" Company from Kuršumlija in Serbia as a carrier of tourism in the region and the architect Franc Avbelj from Slovenia as an expert in designing tourist facilities. In series of projects created by this cooperation, project of urbanistic and architectural design of Kuršumlija Spa and the Medical and Recreational Center "Žubor" were singled out. During its construction, the "Žubor" Center was the first tourist and healthcare facility of its type in the wider region. The aim of the paper is to point out the interrelation of all participants during thоse extensive efforts, to present organizational and aesthetic characteristics of those projects as well as to highlight immeasurable consequences of the long-standing marginalization of former republic's building achievements. The results of the paper suggest that in the current world of globalization, ideological disagreements can be overpowered only by the commercial gain.</p> Aleksandra Branislav Jevtović Copyright (c) 2020 Aleksandra Branislav Jevtović https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-10-29 2020-10-29 6 138 160 10.6092/issn.2611-0075/10158 Prolegomeni a una storia della critica di architettura https://hpa.unibo.it/article/view/11610 <p>Attraverso un’articolazione per capitoli tematici, il libro di Hélène Jannière delinea i principali nodi concettuali per identificare i caratteri della critica di architettura e i modi per tracciarne la storia.<br />Attraverso un approccio storiografico, Jannière sostiene che la storia della critica di architettura può fornire un grande contributo alla storia del pensiero architettonico, ponendola al fianco della storia delle teorie architettoniche e della stessa storia dell’architettura.</p> Matteo Cassani Simonetti Copyright (c) 2020 Matteo Cassani Simonetti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-10-29 2020-10-29 6 161 165 10.6092/issn.2611-0075/11610 The Largest Art https://hpa.unibo.it/article/view/11631 <p>The book wants to introduce plural urbanism as the largest among the building arts. The author’s aim is to write a “measured manifesto” of plural urbanism to declare its independence from architecture, landscape, sculpture and land art, that has always existed, through the description of its dimensions and qualities. The book suggests a new theoretical and practical understanding of the discipline and its difficulty both in its conception and possible realizations; it describes plural urbanism’s present and future challenges to foster further and useful applications.</p> Ilaria Cattabriga Copyright (c) 2020 Ilaria Cattabriga https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-10-29 2020-10-29 6 166 170 10.6092/issn.2611-0075/11631 Il divenire del nodo nel tempo e nello spazio: la costruzione logica degli annodamenti https://hpa.unibo.it/article/view/11611 <p>The book “Knottings. The specialization of urban fabric in the formative process and in the architectural design” pursues the aim of understanding the contemporary city, trying to detect from the urban history and from the most authentic needs of men, architectural shapes that are still representative of society.</p> <p>“Knottings” are defined as a typological category in which urban or territorial paths are strictly connected with the urban fabric. The disciplinary approach based on the study of these phenomena is dealt with logical (instead of chronological) order by selecting the main typological characters that can be common in different morphologies. The book is able to awake the interest of the architects for the theme of the square, conceived as a dialectic space, in which the spontaneous processes and the design will can still find an ideal synthesis.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Giusi Ciotoli Copyright (c) 2020 Giusi Ciotoli https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-10-29 2020-10-29 6 171 174 10.6092/issn.2611-0075/11611 Thick Descriptions: Socialist Yugoslavia in Construction https://hpa.unibo.it/article/view/11612 Vladimir Kulić Bojana Videkanić Copyright (c) 2020 Bojana Videkanić, Vladimir Kulić https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-10-29 2020-10-29 6 4 7 10.6092/issn.2611-0075/11612 Reversing the Exchange: Yugoslav Architectural Exports to Czechoslovakia https://hpa.unibo.it/article/view/10416 <p>The paper aims to map out the numerous projects in Czechoslovakia realized by Yugoslav construction companies from the 1960s to the 1980s and offers the preliminary insights into their modes of operation. Due to insufficient archival records, the paper offers a preliminary insight into the matter. However, with the extensive coverage of these projects in the Czechoslovak professional periodicals, it was possible to trace down fifty projects, done by companies from Serbia, Croatia and Macedonia. Interviews with the surviving protagonists and contemporaries of these collaborations provided detailed introspect into the mechanisms of the processes, with local architects typically responsible for the overall design, while Yugoslav companies provided the design development, technological know-how, construction services, and materials. These insights contribute to a growing body of knowledge about the exports of architecture from Europe’s socialist half during the Cold War and broadens the narrative of international architectural circulation, while unpacking the usual presumptions on “developed” and “und(er)developed”. The paper points to other routes based on the cooperation within the socialist world, but nevertheless across a geopolitical division, the one that separated the non-aligned Yugoslavia and the Warsaw Pact-member Czechoslovakia.</p> Jelica Jovanović Copyright (c) 2020 Jelica Jovanović https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-10-29 2020-10-29 6 8 33 10.6092/issn.2611-0075/10416 Tracing the Non-Aligned Architecture: Environments of Technical Cooperation and the Work of Croatian Architects in Kumasi, Ghana (1961-1970) https://hpa.unibo.it/article/view/10450 Focusing on the work of a group of Croatian i.e. Yugoslav architects in Ghana, the paper explains the nature of technical cooperation as a model of temporary international contract work in relation to the specificities of the environment built consequently. It focuses on the engagement of Miro Marasović as the head of the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology Development Office from 1961 to 1964. As its contextual framework, the paper addresses bilateral technical cooperation as a form of international communication and exchange, the practices of the Non-Aligned Movement, and the interrelations of the pre- and post-independence generation of modern architecture in Africa. Mojca Smode Cvitanovic Copyright (c) 2020 Mojca Smode Cvitanovic https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-10-29 2020-10-29 6 34 67 10.6092/issn.2611-0075/10450 Housing Yugoslav Self-Management: Blok 5 in Titograd https://hpa.unibo.it/article/view/10608 <p class="p1"><span class="s1">Self-management was one of the ideological foundations in socialist Yugoslavia. The paper argues that Blok 5 (1977–1984) — a mass housing settlement in Titograd, Montenegro, designed by Mileta Bojović — can be considered one of the theoretically and practically most enduring examples of self-management in Yugoslav mass housing. The concept can be traced from the urbanist blueprint, to the project proposal, the flexible floor plans and(over)stretched facades — exploring varying depths and levels of innovation. Furthermore, it outlines key differences between Yugoslav and Western Marxist understandings of agency, highlights frictions between different stakeholders in the construction process</span><span class="s1">and explores the diverging post-socialist afterlive</span><span class="s2">s</span><span class="s1"> of self-management.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></span></p> Lea Horvat Copyright (c) 2020 Lea Horvat https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-10-29 2020-10-29 6 68 92 10.6092/issn.2611-0075/10608 The Highway of Brotherhood and Unity as a Cross-Cut into the Yugoslavian Epic https://hpa.unibo.it/article/view/10116 <p>The Highway of Brotherhood and Unity - the motto of Yugoslav Communists – may help us decode the multiple layers of meaning interlocked in the built environment. Undoubtedly, construction of the Highway was organic to national cohesion. Built by brigades of young volunteers, the Highway allowed a one-day trip across Yugoslavia: an experiential approach of the common motherland by which “federalism” acquired a concrete dimension.</p><p>From an architect’s viewpoint, our contribution lays claim to a project-oriented approach to the Highway as a coherent built-up form, posing new technical problems, yet orienting urban change and opening up a whole range of narratives. To do that, we oscillate back and forth actual construction of the Highway - combining engineering, landscape design, urbanism and architecture - and its role as a catalyst of new collective perceptions and behavioural patterns. The Highway provided the centre of gravity for a far-reaching cross-cultural venture, a large-scale collective work of art.</p> Aleksa Korolija Cristina Pallini Copyright (c) 2020 Aleksa Korolija, Cristina Pallini https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-10-29 2020-10-29 6 93 120 10.6092/issn.2611-0075/10116